Edgbaston

Last updated: Friday 27 May, 2016

A map showing the location of Edgbaston Reserve in Queensland.Established: 2008
Area: 8100 ha
Location: Central Qld, 140km north-east of Longreach
Detailed map >

Sometimes, the more we learn about a Bush Heritage property, the more we realise just how little we know about Australia’s wild places.

That’s definitely true of Edgbaston Reserve, home to what scientists have called the most significant natural springs for global biodiversity in the entire Great Artesian Basin.

Sunset over an artesian spring on Edgbaston. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
Sunset over an artesian spring on Edgbaston. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
Fed by water travelling hundreds of kilometres beneath a dry, arid environment, these isolated springs have given rise to the evolution of more than two dozen species found nowhere else on the planet.

Two nationally threatened fish – the red-finned blue-eye and Edgbaston goby – eleven types of snail, one small crustacean, one flatworm, one spider and a species of dragonfly reside exclusively in the spring-fed pools at Edgbaston.

Galahs in open gidyea woodland on Edgbaston. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
Galahs in open gidyea woodland on Edgbaston. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
The reserve’s flora is also exceptional. Recent surveys revealed three previously unknown plant species on the property, making Edgbaston home to 15 newly discovered plants, many yet to be named.

Spanning the Mitchell Grass Plains and Desert Uplands, Edgbaston protects 27 regional ecosystems, two listed as endangered and six as ‘of concern’.

All this has been protected thanks to the generosity of our supporters.

What we’re doing

Gambusia fish at Edgbaston springs

Work to control the invasive mosquito fish, which feeds on small fish, intertebrates and fish eggs, will help the survival of both the Edgbaston Goby and the Red-finned Blue-eye.

Control of this noxious species will also help the endangered springs communities – which includes everything from snails to spiders and aquatic plants – from suffering further degradation.

Edgbaston Gobies in springs on the reserve.

Controlling feral pigs is another management priority at Edgbaston – feral pigs can trample and churn up a wetland spring in just one feeding session.

We're also working hard to restore and look after the Lake Mueller wetlands and springs basin. In flood this basin provides habitat for raptors, ducks, shorebirds, waders and large numbers of brolgas.

History and cultural values

Brolgas gather on Edgbaston after rain. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
Brolgas gather on Edgbaston after rain. Photo Wayne Lawler / EcoPix.
Little is known about the Aboriginal cultural heritage of Edgbaston but it is likely that the Lake Mueller wetlands and springs were and still are significant food and water sources.

To learn more about the reserve's Aboriginal heritage Bush Heritage will team up with local Indigenous people to carry out important survey and assessment work.

Edgbaston also has a pastoral history dating back well over 100 years, when the region was established as Aramac Station.

Edgbaston Reserve was acquired in 2008 with the help of the Australian Government and The Nature Conservancy. We would also like to acknowledge The Nature Conservancy's David Thomas Challenge and Desert Channels Queensland, through funding from the Australian Government's Caring for Our Country program, for their generous support of this work.

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