Green Wednesday: Brooksia micra, a mini chamelion!!!

on 20 Nov 2012 

Brookesia micra is a species of chameleon from the islet of Nosy Hara in Antsiranana, Madagascar.
As of 14 February 2012, it is the smallest known chameleon and among the smallest reptiles, small enough to stand on the head of a match. In length, adult Brookesia micra can grow up to 29 millimetres

The males of Brookesia micra reach a maximum snout-vent length of 16 millimetres (0.63 in), and the total body length of both of the sexes is less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in), ranking it among the smallest amniote vertebrates found anywhere in the world.

Compared to Brookesia minima, Brookesia micra has a shorter tail and a larger head. Adults of Brookesia micra also have an orange tail, as opposed to an inconspicuous brown one.  The size of the lizard may be linked to its habitat, due to insular dwarfism.

Brookesia micra, together with three other species, was found in north Madagascar some time between 2003 and 2007. This species was discovered on a small islet off the coast of Madagascar. They typically reside in leaf litter during the day, and climb up into tree branches as high as 10 centimetres (3.9 in) at night to sleep. Brookesia micra live in an area subject to illegal logging, which may make them "sensitive to habitat destruction", according to researcher Jorn Köhler